A two-fold strategy towards low-carbon concrete


  • Franco Zunino ETH Zürich




sustainability, paste volume, clinker factor, superplasticizers, packing density


Concrete is by a substantial margin the most widely used construction material. Projections indicate that the demand for concrete it will continue to increase to sustain the development of emerging economies. This paper presents a new perspective of low-carbon concrete by refocusing on the actual final product, highlighting the tremendous CO2 saving opportunities of reducing the total paste volume of concrete while simultaneously using high performance, low-clinker cements in the so-called two-fold strategy (low clinker content, low paste volume concrete formulations). Different aspects of low paste volume concrete formulations are discussed based on a combination of published and new concrete performance data, showing the potential for CO2 savings of the strategy and the technical opportunities to retain the robustness and reliability that make concrete such a versatile and widely used material. Chemical admixtures play a crucial role in reaching those objectives, as they enable to reduce the cement content while retaining the needed workability (slump and slump retention) for each application. The key issues relating to using those admixtures in low carbon concrete are highlighted.




How to Cite

Zunino, F. A Two-Fold Strategy towards Low-Carbon Concrete. RILEM Tech Lett 2023, 8, 45-58.




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