A quality control framework for digital fabrication with concrete
Keywords:concrete processing, non-destructive, off-line, on-line, in-line, in-situ
The quality control of digital fabrication with concrete has more stringent requirements than traditional casting. Firstly, since formwork is typically absent, or removed at an early stage in production, the material is exposed to external influences that can result in deformations, collapse, or deterioration. Therefore, the evolution of properties during the process has to be controlled. Secondly, the fabrication systems are typically more sensitive to dosing fluctuations, and the produced, optimized objects are more sensitive to defects, which requires the process variations to be controlled at a higher resolution. A framework is presented that categorizes quality control experiments into destructive and non-destructive, according to their systematic error, and according to the location of testing with respect to the process. This framework is applied to the fresh state mechanical performance of concrete and quality control strategies are derived from it. Lastly, research gaps are identified that are critical for the further development and adoption of these quality control strategies in digitally fabricated concrete.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Derk Bos, Rob Wolfs
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