Laboratory investigation of hygrothermal monitoring of hemp-concrete walls
In the global will of reducing fossil energy consumption and greenhouse gas emission in the building sector, the use of bio-based insulating materials is gaining interest thanks to their profitable properties and their suitability for the renovation of ancient buildings made out of unconventional materials. However, such materials are still lacking of characterization, and more precisely of on-site evaluation, as no complete measurement protocol is available. The starting point to fill this gap would be to set-up a protocol for whole building instrumentation, and this paper is investigating questions arisen in that goal, and more precisely regarding the impact of sensor locations on the assessment of key parameters. For that purpose, instrumented polystyrene and hemp concrete wallets of dimensions 0.9 × 0.9 × 0.1 m3 with well-known thermal and hydric characteristics are tested within a double climatic chamber. The impact of temperature sensor locations and implementations are tested through indirect estimation of the thermal conductivities of the materials composing the wallets. The effect of the hygrothermal processes on the measurement of thermal performance is also investigated through the analysis of the wall global transmittance. These results finally allow to provide some recommendations concerning the on-site instrumentation of hemp concrete walls.
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