Biodeterioration of concrete in agricultural, agro-food and biogas plants: state of the art and challenges
This article reviews the state of knowledge on the mechanisms of deterioration of concrete by agricultural and agro-industrial effluents, notably breeding effluents and biowaste valorised in anaerobic digestion plants. The main physicochemical characteristics of agricultural effluents are first listed in terms of components that are aggressive for cementitious materials. Then, the main mechanisms of deterioration of the cementitious materials exposed to the effluents are presented, as highlighted by laboratory studies (synthetic effluents and / or models, specific experimental devices) or with real effluents. The paper also points out the scientific and technical advances needed to improve the durability of concrete in these environments.
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